Michigan: Fail a (Yet Unknown) Reading Test? You Fail Third Grade!

The Legislature of the State of Michigan is proposing a new law that would require all third-graders who fail a standardized reading test to be retained.  At first glance, this might sound like a good idea: I mean, how can anyone argue with the notion that getting all of our students to read by third grade is important?

Take a second glance at this bill, however, and a number of things become incredibly troubling.

First, the state of Michigan does not actually know what third-grade reading test they plan to administer.  This fall, third-grade students in Michigan took a MEAP test in the area of reading, but next year the state (after much debate) plans to switch to Common Core.  Michigan had planned to switch to a Smarter Balanced assessment in the spring of 2015, but this is still being vigorously debated.

If that assessment is chosen as the one to use to comply with this law, it is important to note that it is an adaptive test, not a standardized test.  On a test deemed so important that it could force a student to be retained in third grade, the students would not even all be receiving the same questions!  Not only that, but all extended written responses on the Smarter Balanced test are “read” and graded using artificial intelligence; no human being would ever actually read the writing in question.  Finally, no cut score has been set to determine what would be the threshold at which a child would be forcibly retained.

So, to summarize:  We might forcibly retain thousands of third graders (36,000 third-graders failed the reading MEAP test in the fall of 2012) based on a test that has never before been used in Michigan, with an unknown cut score, that is not scored by humans, that is not designed for this purpose, and that is adaptive instead of standardized.  Unreal.

Not only this, but no exceptions are carved out in this bill for special education students or for English Language Learners.  Should a dyslexic child really be forced to repeat third grade math for a number of years due to his reading troubles?

In addition to all of these objections, the science behind retention is dismal.  Students who are retained have worse educational outcomes (on average) than students of the same ability that are not retained.  This is not to say that retention is never a possible tactic to use, but it is a decision that should be made based on parent and teacher input, not based solely on one test score.

I urge everyone in Michigan to speak up against this bill (our state superintendent and educators throughout the state have been universal in their objections to this proposal, but public opposition to the bill is clearly needed as well), and if the bill does become law, I encourage schools to try to minimize the damage it causes by officially calling a child a third-grader for paperwork purposes only while still sending them on to a fourth-grade classroom for every subject other than reading.  It would be a travesty for our children’s futures to be so dramatically harmed by such a thoughtless, ill-conceived law.

Resource: Food Fights, Puzzles, and Hideouts

As my home state of Michigan sifts through its political gridlock toward full acceptance of the Common Core State Standards, it’s clear that math instruction in Michigan needs to make a major shift.  We are moving from a very low-level standardized math assessment (the MEAP test) to one that will be much more focused on having students apply their knowledge in complex situations (the Smarter Balanced test).  I personally am scrambling for fun new Common Core-aligned games, simulations, and real-world problems for my third graders.

Enter the book Food Fights, Puzzles, and Hideouts: Mixing in Math.  This 77-page book is jam-packed with a variety of Common Core-aligned games, activities, and problems for elementary students.  Whether you’re looking for activities for a math center or looking to find whole-class games to stimulate mathematical thought in your elementary students, this book is for you.

For folks in other states who made the switch to Common Core a while back, what other valuable Common Core math resources have you been using?

The Obsolete Know-It-All?

Ken Jennings, the famous Jeopardy champion who in 2004 won more than $2.5 million as he won 74 consecutive episodes, gave an interesting TED talk earlier this year in which he asserts that humans’ need to know Jeopardy-like factoids is essentially obsolete.  In 2011, Jennings famously lost an exhibition Jeopardy match against IBM’s Watson supercomputer.

So how does this apply to us in elementary education?  Is it really true that knowledge is no longer important?  We’ve always known that Google is the best place to search for anything from cats making crazy faces to articles containing certain keywords, but what does it mean for the future of schooling when computers are also more capable at answering naturally-worded, real-life questions than even the smartest human?  Is it time to give up on knowledge and focus our educational efforts entirely on things like getting students to work creativity, collaborate effectively, and ask better questions?  Or is there still some purpose in having students learn things like basic math facts, major dates and events in history, and scientific processes like mitosis and photosynthesis?

I’m still on the side of knowledge, and I’ll explain why in my next post.  In the meantime, what are your thoughts on the importance of knowledge in a world of digital know-it-alls?

Resource: TheMathFacts.com

If you teach elementary math and employ paper/pencil timed tests, you’ve got to check out www.themathfacts.com.  TheMathFacts.com offers online timed tests that are automatically scored and differentiate easily to meet a wide range of students’ needs.  Instead of giving all of your students the same mad minute or 5-minute timed test on paper, then wasting precious classroom time (or your evening) scoring them, you can have your students working precisely at their ability level and receiving instant feedback about their progress.  There is also a virtual trophy case that celebrates both students’ efforts and their accomplishments.  Check it out!

Resource: SmileMakers.com

With back-to-school season (and therefore “classroom decor improvement” season) just around the corner, here’s an excellent website designed to help us as teachers to prepare our classrooms, honor our students, and much more: SmileMakers.com.  SmileMakers.com, a subsidiary of Staples, has a wide selection of items for your classroom, and they offer a Teacher Perks program that provides extra savings and shipping discounts to teachers.

Before the school year begins and we find ourselves pressured to think about things like Common Core implementation, test scores, and adequate yearly progress, here’s hoping we can all take time to set up our classrooms to be welcoming, warm places in which our students can thrive.

Does Education Need Its Own Edward Snowden?

In case you somehow missed it, Edward Snowden is the former National Security Agency (NSA) contractor who recently became a whistleblower.  Mr. Snowden used his position to gain access to and then leak information that showed that the government of the United States is violating its own Constitution by running a number of pervasive surveillance programs on its own citizens (as well as citizens of other countries).

I can’t help but wonder: with all of the horrible initiatives being implemented recently in the name of education, does education need its own Edward Snowden?

I would argue that we need whistleblowers from places like:

  • Pearson.  High-stakes tests are supposed to be kept under wraps, but one high-stakes test question in New York about a talking pineapple was so absurd that it was leaked anyway.  Pearson was paid $32 million to overhaul the New York state tests, but the tests themselves are never released publicly.  What if someone from Pearson realized the damage that high-stakes testing was doing to our children, and decided to leak all of the test items from past years’ tests?  Is it possible that we would find that the talking pineapple question was just the tip of the iceberg?  Is it possible that we might even come to the realization that as we look at these tests more closely, we realize how ineffective and imprecise a measurement tool they really are?
  • K12 Inc.  K12 is a for-profit company that runs virtual schools which, despite doing a horrible job of actually educating students, are absolute cash cows.  What if someone who worked there collected both the company’s complete financial data and data on collective student performance, then leaked it publicly?  Might we be appalled at the huge amount of tax money, intended for students’ benefit, which was instead being (A) spent on advertising and (B) kept as profit?  Might we be so disturbed by the academic performance of these for-profit online schools that states would be pressured into de-funding them?
  • Urban school districts like Chicago.  Chicago Public Schools have been in the news recently, with some leaders there that their budgets are so bleak that they might not be able to afford toilet paper next year.  That’s ridiculous.  The situation in places like Detroit, Los Angeles, and many other inner cities  are similarly dire.  What if a janitor who worked in one of those districts decided to film every sign of decay he or she encountered for an entire year, from broken windows to leaky roofs to a lack of basic supplies?  This whistleblower could then leak that information publicly to media sources, who could make everyone aware of how bad things really are in these schools.  Is it possible that this would awaken our collective conscience and help us all to decide to pass that next bond issue that came our way?  Might this sort of leak inspire us to draw a line in the sand, to say that all children deserve things like soap, toilet paper, and potable water in their schools?

A leaked video of Mitt Romney’s infamous quote about “the 47 percent” helped shape the trajectory of the 2012 U.S. Presidential election.  Is it possible that the best way to get education back on track is from a leak like those described above?

The Anti-Gifted Sentiment Behind “Closing the Gap”

The term “closing the gap” has been used in education a lot lately, as in, “We need to work to close the achievement gap between all students.”  Everyone nods their heads and sets to work on figuring out how we can close this gap.  No one questions the original premise.

I am here to tell you that the entire premise of “closing the gap” is dead wrong.  

Last summer, my school got punished by the state of Michigan for having too large of a gap in test scores between our highest-achieving students and our lowest-achieving students.  It didn’t matter that our lowest students were actually doing quite well, with the majority of them actually passing our state assessment (even with its newly-raised cut scores).  No, what mattered was that our highest-achieving students basically crushed the state assessment, with many of them getting all or virtually all of the questions right.  That created a performance gap between our highest and lowest-performing students, and the state attacked us for it.

Just to make sure this is completely clear: We were punished by the state of Michigan because our top-scoring students did too well.

That’s absolutely asinine.  To make matters worse, we weren’t alone: 10% of schools around the state received this same treatment.  Thankfully, in my school, we had administrators who were wise enough to understand that this was insanity, and that we weren’t going to sabotage our higher students in an absurd attempt to “close the gap.”

But I fear for the hundreds of other schools out there that received the same treatment.  Based on what the State of Michigan did to them, it would be in their best interests to sabotage their best students — to make sure they don’t get ahead of the other students in their learning, or even to ask them to get questions wrong on purpose on their state tests — in the name of “closing the gap.”

That’s the true evil here.  We are rewarding schools who produce data showing that all of their students are about the same.  What will that mean for the future of G/T education?  When we throw everything we’ve got into making sure that No Child is Left Behind, aren’t we also really saying that no child can race ahead?  After all, if one student races ahead of the pack, aren’t the rest now behind?

What does it mean for our future when we no longer cultivate (or even tolerate) genius?  What does it mean for the future of education when schools are punished for students being “too smart?”

From now on, whenever you hear the term “closing the gap,” your BS radar should go off.  Don’t accept that as a worthwhile premise or goal.  Advocate instead for ALL students to be taught in a way that allows them to learn as much as they possibly can, the “gap” between them be damned.